Sanctorius, Santorio

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
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b. 29 March 1561 Capodistria, Italy (now Koper, Slovenia)
d. 22 February 1636 Venice, Italy
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Italian physician, founder of quantitative measurement in medicine.
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Sanctorius graduated in Padua in 1582 and became Professor of Theoretical Medicine there in 1611. In 1629 he moved to Venice and devoted himself to scientific study. The first to use a thermometer to measure body temperature, he also invented a pulsimeter, a hygrometer, a water-bed and numerous other instruments. By constructing scales in which he was able to live, he was able to make measurements of changes in weight in daily living (see Floyer), including what he described as "insensible perspiration", or basal metabolism.
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Bibliography
1614, Ars de station medicina.
1625, Commentaria in primam fen primi libri canonis, Avicenna.
Further Reading
A.Castiglioni, 1947, History of Medicine, London.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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